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  • Last updated

    3:35am on Sep 29, 2022

Keliber Oy (keliber) is a Finnish mining and battery chemical company which owns the Keliber project, an advanced lithium hydroxide project located in the Kaustinen region of Finland which intends to sustainably produce battery grade lithium hydroxide utilising its own ore.

Sibanye-Stillwater, through its subsidiary – Keliber Lithium (Pty)Ltd, acquired an initial 30.29% shareholding in Keliber, as announced on 23 February 2021, by way of a phased equity investment. On 30 June 2022, the Group announced that it intends to exercise its pre-emptive right to increase its shareholding in Keliber to 50% plus 1 share.

Neal Froneman, CEO of Sibanye-Stillwater, commenting on the proposed transactions said, “This is a further significant step in our strategy to build a unique global portfolio of green metals in a value accretive manner. We look forward to partnering with our Finnish stakeholders to build the Keliber project, which will be the first mining and metallurgical operation in Europe to deliver high quality, low-cost lithium hydroxide with a low carbon footprint and will be ideally placed to deliver critical metals into the growing European battery industry.”

Simultaneous with the Pre-emptive Offer, the Company will also make a voluntary cash offer to minority shareholders of Keliber, other than the Finnish Minerals Group, which could initially increase its shareholding in Keliber to over 80%. The Finnish Minerals Group, a Finnish State-owned holding and development company which manages the State’s mining industry shareholdings, is the second largest shareholder in Keliber behind Sibanye-Stillwater with a current circa 20% shareholding.

Subsequent to completion of the Voluntary Offer, a capital raise by Keliber will be executed. If required post the above-described transactions, an equalization mechanism may be implemented such that Sibanye-Stillwater achieves its targeted 80% shareholding in Keliber.

Transaction rationale

Subsequent to the Initial Investment, Keliber has completed a definitive feasibility study (“DFS”) which has confirmed the quality and inherent value of the Keliber project. This positive DFS is underpinned by a 31% increase in Mineral Reserves, as announced by Keliber on 15 September 2021.

At 31 December 2021, Keliber had an attributable Mineral Resource of 42,500 tonnes at 1.1% lithium oxide (Li2O), and a lithium carbonate equivalent (LCE) Mineral Resource of 105,100 tonnes. In addition, there has also been a significant improvement in the fundamental outlook for the lithium market.

Subject to the receipt of outstanding permits, Keliber is aiming to be the first fully integrated lithium producer in Europe with full production of approximately 15,000 tonnes of lithium hydroxide per annum and direct market access to European markets from the Port of Kokkola where its fully permitted1 lithium chemical plant is based.  

Finland is an attractive, low risk mining jurisdiction (top five jurisdiction in the Fraser Institute) and has developed a National Battery Strategy that outlines the objectives for the country to become a competitive, competent and sustainable player in the international battery industry. Europe is rapidly becoming a leading hub for the manufacture of and market for batteries and electric vehicles. Keliber’s location in Finland enables efficient transport of lithium hydroxide to European customers.

1 Fully permitted, but stakeholders have right to appeal the permit approval process


  • Transaction overview and terms

    The Transaction sequence for Sibanye-Stillwater and the Finnish Minerals Group achieving this dual proposed shareholding in Keliber comprises:

    • As per the Keliber shareholders agreement, the fair market value (”FMV”) of the Keliber Project was determined by the average valuation of two independent investment banks namely BMO Capital Markets Ltd and RBC Capital Markets LLC
    • Sibanye-Stillwater implementing the Pre-emptive Offer to increase its shareholding in Keliber to 50% plus 1 share for a cash consideration of €146 million, being the FMV (less 5%) of the Keliber project
    • Sibanye-Stillwater intends to implement the Pre-emptive Offer on 11 July 2022 following an Extraordinary General Meeting (“EGM”) which is required to approve the issue of shares to Sibanye-Stillwater for both the Pre-emptive Offer and the Capital Raise
    • Simultaneously, Sibanye-Stillwater will launch the Voluntary Offer
    • If all minority shareholders (save for the Finnish Minerals Group) accept the Voluntary Offer, the total consideration for the Voluntary Offer will amount to €196 million (excluding transfer tax which is payable by Sibanye-Stillwater)(based on 1,258,901 Keliber shares held at the FMV per share), with Sibanye-Stillwater’s shareholding increasing to 86.1% and the Finnish Minerals Group retaining a shareholding of 13.9%
    • Subsequent to the Voluntary Offer, the Capital Raise will be executed to achieve a circa 50:50 debt to equity ratio. The maximum possible total cost of the Capital Raise to Sibanye-Stillwater is around €104 million and will be dependent on the extent to which minorities accept the Voluntary Offer made by Sibanye-Stillwater and the extent to which minorities and the Finnish Minerals Group participate in the Capital Raise

    The Transaction therefore entails a maximum possible cost to Sibanye-Stillwater of €446 million (excluding transfer tax), of which a possible maximum of €250 million in equity will be contributed by Sibanye-Stillwater.

    Conventional debt facilities are currently being advanced with third party lenders to at least match the €250 million equity contribution to fund construction of the project. 

    Sibanye-Stillwater anticipates that all aspects of the various transactions described above will be completed by 13 February 2023, being the effective date.

  • Conditions Precedent

    The following are the conditions precedent in respect of the various aspects to the Transaction:

    • Approval by the South African Reserve Bank of the Transaction
    • 50% of Keliber shareholders (including Sibanye-Stillwater and the Finnish Minerals Group) voting in favour of the project financing, including both the equity and debt components, to be proposed by the Keliber board at the EGM
    • The Voluntary Offer is subject to the passing of resolutions at the EGM approving the Pre-emptive Offer and the Capital Raise
    • The absence of a material adverse change
    • The Capital Raise is subject to the successful exercise of the Pre-emptive Offer by Sibanye-Stillwater

  • Categorisation of the Transaction

    The Transaction constitutes a Category 2 transaction for Sibanye-Stillwater in terms of Section 9 of the JSE Limited Listing Requirements and accordingly no Sibanye-Stillwater shareholder approval is required.

    For more information on the Keliber project refer to www.keliber.fi/en/.


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